Tuesday, March 29, 2011

Effective of Writing Part

There are three parts that Miss Zu would explain about writing an excellent an essay. That time I did not attend classes due to headaches. However, I tried to ask a friend to find out learning at that time. I heard Miss Zu has covered three parts of effective writing that is active and passive voice, body paragraph and conclusion.
Active and passive voice
1)    Active voice
·         Indicates that the subject of the verb is acting
·         Example: The dog (subject) is doing the jumping (verb).
·         Most writers prefer to use active voice because it is more direct.
·         Less awkward and clearly states the relationship between subject and action.
·         The sentence pattern propels the reader forward through the writing and thus avoiding weak prose.
2)   Passive voice
·         The subject and object flip-flop. The subject comes first.
·         Example: Report (subject) will be given (verb).
·         Less direct , less forceful and less concise than the active voice. 
·         The uses of passive voice:
When the agent (doer of an action) is obvious, unknown and unnecessary)
Her purse was stolen.
When the agent is known, but the speaker does not want to mention it.
She was given bad advice.
When the agent is general
The door should be locked at all times.
When the speaker wants to emphasize a result
Seven people were killed by earthquake.

Body paragraph
·         The body paragraphs in essay support the main idea in thesis statement by breaking it down into smaller ideas or subtopics.
·         The idea in paragraphs should relate back to the thesis statement.
·         Key features:
Topic sentence       supporting sentence        concluding        unity
·         Example:

Body paragraph
An important factor in learning a foreign language has to do with the concept of intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation. When we do something for the ‘fun of it’ or because we enjoy it, that is called intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation, on the other hand, is when we do something for the purpose of receiving some kind of external reward such as money, time off from work, etc. Many education experts believe that intrinsic motivation is more powerful when it comes to helping students retain what they’ve learned. The question and challenge for teachers today is, “how can we help our students become intrinsically motivated in what we are teaching?”     

·       Conclusion
·        Completes the essay and reemphasizes the main ideas.
·        To show reader the significance of thesis statement, try to address question.
·        There are some ways to enhance a conclusion:
P        Prediction, recommendation, quotation
·        Example:
Finally, the importance of beginning a program to re forest parts of Haiti will be an important step in making this country more economically self-sufficient. Without such a program in place, the people of this country will continue to destroy their natural resources for fuel in order to salvage their present state of survival.

As we have seen, international students face a number of difficulties when coming to a new country to study. However, problems such as culture-shock and the language barrier can be lessened before a student comes to the new country through preparation. If you are considering going to school in another country, you should begin learning about the culture, customs, and history of your host nation. Also, you should be sure that you are proficient in the national language or be sure to sign up for language classes once you are there.

David Warner, author of, Where There Is No Doctor, notes that, “Only when the people themselves become actively responsible for their own and their community’s health, can important changes take place.” This should be the mantra of every public health agency when looking at making improvements in common health problems. Unless a community understands the importance of the intervention and takes responsibility for transformation, no long-lasting changes will be made.

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