There are three parts that Miss Zu would explain about writing an excellent an essay. That time I did not attend classes due to headaches. However, I tried to ask a friend to find out learning at that time. I heard Miss Zu has covered three parts of effective writing that is active and passive voice, body paragraph and conclusion.
Active and passive voice
1) Active voice
· Indicates that the subject of the verb is acting
· Example: The dog (subject) is doing the jumping (verb).
· Most writers prefer to use active voice because it is more direct.
· Less awkward and clearly states the relationship between subject and action.
· The sentence pattern propels the reader forward through the writing and thus avoiding weak prose.
2) Passive voice
· The subject and object flip-flop. The subject comes first.
· Example: Report (subject) will be given (verb).
· Less direct , less forceful and less concise than the active voice.
· The uses of passive voice:
When the agent (doer of an action) is obvious, unknown and unnecessary)
Her purse was stolen.
When the agent is known, but the speaker does not want to mention it.
She was given bad advice.
When the agent is general
The door should be locked at all times.
When the speaker wants to emphasize a result
Seven people were killed by earthquake.
· The body paragraphs in essay support the main idea in thesis statement by breaking it down into smaller ideas or subtopics.
· The idea in paragraphs should relate back to the thesis statement.
· Key features:
Topic sentence supporting sentence concluding unity
· Completes the essay and reemphasizes the main ideas.
· To show reader the significance of thesis statement, try to address question.
· There are some ways to enhance a conclusion:
P Prediction, recommendation, quotation